Calling Meta-Analysis

heart-imageCalling is a consuming, meaningful passion people can experience toward a domain (Dobrow & Tosti-Kharas, 2011). Other definitions suggest alternative views of what a calling is or where it exists. Calling can be an orientation toward work (Wrzesniewski, et al., 1997), the work itself (Hall & Chandler, 2005), a place in the occupational division of labor (Bunderson & Thompson, 2009), or an external pull to pursue a particular career path (Dik & Duffy, 2009; Duffy & Sedlacek, 2007).

Calling was introduced to the organizational behavior literature by Wrzesniewski and colleagues (1997), who described it as one of three orientations people can have toward their work (the other two are job and career). Since then, research on calling has proliferated, facilitated by the development of several scale measures of calling.

However, to date, a rigorous and thorough quantitative review of the research in this area has not occurred. Thus, we are in the process of preparing a meta-analysis of the calling literature – about its antecedents, correlates, and consequences.

We currently seek unpublished data (i.e., correlations, means, standard deviations, sample sizes and reliability estimates) between calling and relevant antecedents (e.g., personality, demographics, ability, social factors), correlates, and consequences/outcomes (e.g., job satisfaction, well-being, career outcomes), as follows:


If you have conducted a study of calling that you think matches these criteria, please email Hannah Weisman, Department of Management, London School of Economics (


Shoshana Dobrow Riza, London School of Economics
Jennifer Tosti-Kharas, Babson College
Daniel Heller, Tel Aviv University
Hannah Weisman, London School of Economics



Bunderson, J. S., & Thompson, J. A. 2009. The call of the wild: Zookeepers, callings, and the double-edged sword of deeply meaningful work. Administrative Science Quarterly, 54(1): 32-57.

Dik, B. J., & Duffy, R. D. 2009. Calling and vocation at work: Definitions and prospects for research and practice. The Counseling Psychologist, 37(3): 424-450.

Dobrow, S. R., & Tosti-Kharas, J. 2011. Calling: The development of a scale measure. Personnel Psychology, 64(4): 1001-1049.

Duffy, R. D., & Sedlacek, W. E. 2007. The presence of and search for a calling: Connections to career development. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 70(3): 590-601.

Hall, D. T., & Chandler, D. E. 2005. Psychological success: When the career is a calling. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26(2): 155-176.

Wrzesniewski, A., McCauley, C. R., Rozin, P., & Schwartz, B. 1997. Jobs, careers, and callings: People’s relations to their work. Journal of Research in Personality, 31(1): 21-33.